Guilan province, from the northern provinces of Iran to the center of the city of Rasht. This province, bound from the north to the Caspian Sea and has a water border with the coastal countries and through Astara has a land border with the Republic of Azerbaijan, west to Ardebil province. It is bounded on the south by Zanjan and Qazvin provinces and on the east by Mazandaran province. Gilan has a population of 14,044 km 2 and its population is 2,480,874 according to the 2012 census. , Fouman, Lahijan, Langroud, Masal.
Guilan, called the Varna in Avesta, is the ancient center of various tribes, the most famous of which are the two types of Gil and Dilm. The Greeks call this land Kadios. Some scholars consider the Kadusians to be native to Iran before the Aryans came to this land.
About 3000 years ago, the forested lands of the Caspian Kadusian and Gilan (Gilas) were located north of the Median soil, according to Russian Diakoev. The gills gradually became united with the Cadusians. The Gilas were also completely independent during the Medieval period; Cyrus the Achaemenid with the help of the Gilas extinguished the Median state.
Guilan became a European gateway in the late Qajar period, and in the constitutional movement, the Guilanis also played an important role in bringing about the revolution.
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